What is Adult Polycystic Kidney Disease?
Also known as autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), it is a genetic condition that causes multiple cysts to develop on the kidneys. It is caused by a genetic mutation that disrupts normal development of the kidneys.
There are two genetic mutations that are known to cause adult polycystic kidney disease, both of which have the same symptoms.
How common is Adult Polycystic Kidney Disease?
Adult polycystic kidney disease is the most common genetic condition to affect the kidneys, although only 1 in every 1,000 people are born with the condition.
It is estimated that around 50,000 people in the UK currently have ADPKD symptoms or will develop it at some time.
What are the symptoms of Adult Polycystic Kidney Disease?
The symptoms of adult polycystic kidney disease tend not to begin until adulthood, usually between the ages of 30 and 60. Sex incidence is equal although males may be slightly more seriously affected. Symptoms can include high blood pressure, abdominal pain and blood in the urine.
How is Adult Polycystic Kidney Disease treated?
Adult polycystic kidney disease cannot be cured, so treatment focuses on helping to relieve the symptoms and complications of the disease, like high blood pressure.
The outlook for ADPKD is relatively poor in the long-term. Progressive damage to the kidneys can occur, and this can result in kidney failure.
Dialysis or a kidney transplant is the only way of keeping someone with a kidney failure alive.
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