What are psychological disorders?
Psychological disorders, also known as mental disorders, are abnormalities of the mind that result in persistent behaviour patterns.
There are many different types of psychological disorders, including eating disorders, mood disorders, personality disorders, psychotic disorders and sexual disorders, among others. Sufferers may have more than one psychological disorder.
There is no single cause of mental health problems and the reasons they develop are complex.
How common are psychological disorders?
A recent large scale study revealed that 38.3% of people from 30 countries in Europe suffer from some type of psychological disorder. The most common health problems are anxiety, insomnia and depression.
One in four people in the UK has a mental health problem at some point, and it can affect anyone. Every year in the UK more than 250,000 people are admitted to psychiatric hospitals.
How can psychological disorders be prevented?
It is important to know your family history, since mental illness is often hereditary. You should always address traumatic events and speak to a councillor if necessary. Recognise the warning signs, and take precautions if you are suffering from strange thoughts or having trouble eating or sleeping.
Maintaining a healthy lifestyle is also an important part of protecting your mental health. Exercise regularly, maintain a balanced diet and incorporated relaxation and stress relief techniques into your daily routine.
How are psychological disorders treated?
Mental illnesses are successfully treated at a much higher rate than other medical conditions. Properly treated, people with psychological disorders often improve. Treatment can include medication, counselling, psychotherapy and self-help.
If you are mainly concerned about psychological treatment, choose a product which offers cover for psychiatric treatment.