What is Cervical Cancer?
More than 99% of cases of cervical cancer are thought to be caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV).
There are two main types of cervical cancer. Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common type of cervical cancer, which develops in the squamous cells in the outer layer of the cervix. Adenocarcinoma develops from the cells that line the glands in the cervix.
How common is Cervical Cancer?
Cancer of the cervix is a relatively rare type. Around 2,800 women are diagnosed with it each year in the UK.
Cervical cancer is often diagnosed in younger women. It is the second most common cancer for women aged 35 years or less.
What are the symptoms of Cervical Cancer?
The symptoms of cervical cancer may not always be obvious until it has reached advanced stages, which is why regular smear tests are important. Some symptoms include bleeding between periods, abnormal vaginal discharge and discomfort whilst having sex.
How is Cervical Cancer treated?
Cervical cancer is treated with surgery, radiotherapy, chemoradiation, depending on how advanced it is. Women with cervical cancer may be asked to take place in clinical trials since cervical cancer is quite rare.
If access to Specialist Treatment centres is important, choose a policy with London Hospital coverage.